Industry Best Practices for Vacuum Excavation In the process of digging, there are a lot of techniques in use today. Some are older methods that are more traditional in nature while others are more modern. These new methods used by drilling companies have made digging easier, faster and safer. An example is the vacuum excavation method that uses either water or air in the process. By noting the following practices, you are assured of an efficient excavation. There are some soils that are hard-packed and heavy, where air cannot penetrate well. In such scenarios, water can be used in vacuuming in a process called hydro excavation. There are areas where the dig site might have loose soil, with a lot of sand and gravel, and in such places, dry or air excavation would be a wise choice. Safety wise, dry excavation is the better alternative because it will not damage older pipes and brittle electricity wires because it has no water pressure like in hydro excavation. It’s important to take into account the size of the truck to be used in the excavation in relation to the size of the vacuuming pumps. When the size of the pump in use matches the size of the water or air tanks, then the desired vacuum power will be realized. This implies that if you require a lot of vacuum power, both the tank used and the pump should be large. In cases where both dry and wet excavation are to be done, then larger than usual tanks are going to be needed. Vacuuming, either wet or dry, is considered safer than older digging methods, but still, safety measures must be adhered to. Proper training on how to handle and operate machines safely should be introduced. There are modern machines that require specialized training before they are used. Professional training of the workers who are going to work the machines should take place. Due to the presence of underground utility pipes and power lines, the operators of the machinery should be careful. Proper gear and clothing is a necessity for workers. These include hand gloves and dielectric boots. Digging by using the vacuuming technique is a precise process. Unfortunately, sometimes thing can go wrong during the exercise. Human error or mistakes can make people to identify the excavation site wrongly. Gas explosions due to leaks, or even electrocutions can be brought about by interference from such mistakes. By reaching out to the concerned authorities, it will help in ensuring you are digging at the correct site and you will also be given maps. The vacuum trucks and the pumps that the drilling company uses to dig should be well maintained. This will ensure the machines will perform to desired expectation. Though wear and tear is unavoidable in this situation, machines should often be monitored to be on the safe side. Lubrication of the machines used, especially the moving parts should be regularly done. Check out all the parts like hoses, nozzles among others. The outlined practices will assist in successful vacuum excavation.